Exploration of the Potential Impact of Public and Private Investments on the Rates of Firearm-Related Crimes in the City of St. Louis from 2000 to 2010

Team: Patrick Fowler, PhD; Gun Violence Initiative; Public Health Data and Training Center, Institute for Public Health

One could hypothesize that oscillation in funding for violence prevention co-occur with fluctuation in violent crime rates. This project will explore the dynamic relationship between public/private investments in violence-reduction activities and gun crimes in the City of St. Louis from 2000 to 2010. Questions addressed are: 1) How do funding fluctuations relate to rates of firearm violence? 2) What is the pattern of investments over time? 3) What accounts for funding fluctuations from service providers and local funders? 4) Do trends in violent crime vary over time by neighborhood, and what drives variation? 5) Do lags exist between funding fluctuations relate to violent crime rates? Are patterns observed over time across neighborhoods and types of crime? 6) Does funding rise after spikes in violent crime but reduce when crime rates decline? Results will inform investment agencies of their impact on social/public health issues like crime. Funding: Institute for Public Health

Suicide and Safety Working Group

Under the guidance of Dr. Sean Joe, the Brown School and the Institute for Public Health are leading the formation of the Suicide and Safety Working Group. The group is committed to advancing strategies, considering the evidence, and exploring what can be done collectively to reduce Missouri’s rates of suicides while being committed to the safe use of firearms. The group is focused on helping families and friends be informed about the warning signs of suicide and what they can do to help temporarily keep a loved one in suicidal crises from having access to lethal means.

“When my friends or I need help, I will call…” handout

St. Louis Area Violence Prevention Collaborative

Washington University in St. Louis and the United Way of Greater St. Louis  formed a joint partnership that aims to provide support and resources to local initiatives that are uniting in their efforts to combat gun violence in the region. The group comprises 40 initiatives representing education, healthcare, law enforcement, local government, neighborhood groups, and social services. The St. Louis Area Violence Prevention Collaborative (STLVPC) works to reduce violent crime in the region by promoting a coordinated, well-resourced support system and interventions among area governments, institutions and agencies that serve individuals and families most at risk of violent crime.

St. Louis area hospital-based violence prevention program

The Institute for Public Health at Washington University in St. Louis will launch the regional St. Louis Area Hospital-Based Violence Intervention Program (STL-HVIP) in 2018, which will aim to promote positive alternatives to violence, thanks to a $1.6 million grant from Missouri Foundation for Health.

The program, a collaboration between Washington University in St. Louis, Saint Louis University, Barnes-Jewish Hospital, SSM Health Saint Louis University Hospital, Saint Louis Children’s Hospital and SSM Health Cardinal Glennon Children’s Hospital, will form the only such partnership of hospitals and academic institutions in the nation. The University of Missouri-St. Louis will also be involved in program evaluation discussions.